The number of food insecure people around the world is staggering: 2.4 billion people in 2020, an increase of 320 million since 2019 (UN, 2022). This year, a deadly combination of climate shocks, conflict, and the pandemic have pushed 50 million people to the edge of famine (WFP, 2022), highlighting the vulnerability of our global food system. Shocks to the food system are not isolated, and can cascade. For example, climate shocks are often correlated, simultaneously hitting production areas around the world and resulting in food price hikes that can lead some countries to impose export bans, driving global prices even higher. Fortunately, correlated climate shocks are increasingly predictable. Our ability to forecast extreme heat, drought, and heavy rains associated with sea surface temperatures has increased dramatically over the past two decades, affording us the potential to help farmers, ranchers, and governments undertake risk-mitigating measures before the weather events hit. Understanding the vulnerability of the global food system to predictable climate shocks is critical to allowing government agencies and aid groups to mitigate food crises and help communities build resiliency.