Natural climate solutions (NCS) are conservation, restoration and improved land management interventions that increase carbon storage or avoid greenhouse gas emissions in landscapes and wetlands across the globe. NCS interventions have been implemented all around the world using a diverse variety of approaches. For example, conservation interventions have included approaches like the designation of parks, the titling of indigenous territories, the support to community-based natural resource management, the implementation of economic incentives for forest conservation as well as market-based interventions like eco-certification and offsets programs. Chile and several countries in the Amazon region have pioneered efforts to address deforestation and even generate new forest cover, but these efforts have not been systematically evaluated. However, policymakers, practitioners, and funders do not know which interventions are most effective, nor how efficacy varies across contexts. Without rigorous and comparable evidence, it is often unclear if and how to leverage NCS investments in efforts to limit global warming.
To sustain and expand NCS investments in these regions and the rest of the world, we are partnering with Conservation International to advance understanding of the relative effectiveness of different NCS interventions implemented in a variety of contexts.